Edith Sherwood Ph.D. and Erica Sherwood

The Voynich Botanical Plants

Folio 20v Back to Plant List
folio 20v

Folio 20v, Cardoon (Cynara cardunculus), is an artichoke thistle and a native of the Mediterranean where it was domesticated in ancient times. The blue flowers can be eaten like a cultivated artichoke and were popular as a vegetable in medieval times. The thin, spear-shaped leaves are in pairs along the stems of the plant and are covered with nearly invisible spines like those shown in Folio 20v.

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